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Global Mind Project

       Overview

Global Mind Project is an attempt to create a platform, facilitating collaboration of experts across the globe, connected in network to solve problems in all fields of human activities and in all levels – global, regional, national and local.

It seems to be the next generation of wiki-based platform designed not simply for collaborative publishing, but with the capability to simulate some of most complex cognitive functions of the human mind as — making decisions and solving problems.

In other words, collaborators on the platform will resemble neurons in the human brain. They will be organised and collaborate in a similar manner, making decisions or solving problems as truly virtual global mind. 

        Aim

Purpose of Global Mind Project is to create a collaborative platform resembling cognitive function of the human mind, in particular possibilities to make decisions and solve problems.

       Principles

The human brain is the most complex system ever created by Mother Nature, through evolution of 3.5 bn years. Understandably, cognitive functions of the brain are most difficult to explore and comprehend. Nevertheless, nowadays some functions are quite clear. First of all, facing problem human brain activate a specific group of cells, perhaps most “competent” neurons, which “collaborate” (associate among themselves) in an attempt to resolve one particular problem. Apparently, selection of neurons is one of many principles in the function of the human brain, which should be addressed properly at the beginning.

Further, self-selected neurons associate with each other following many not very well known stage and steps, or some sort of algorithm to find a possible solution. Therefore, to create such platform should be solved two essential problems – a) matching any problem only with right experts, excluding all others and b) find how to simulate some of the most complicated functions of the human mind – making decisions and solving problems i.e. to create appropriate and working algorithm for one particular class of problems.

At this very initial stage of proposed project, the platform will be restricted to facilitate solving problems only in the field of science and technology.

           Matching problems with right experts

As was mentioned above, any cognitive process of human brain starts with activation of most “competent cells”, which collaborate (associate) in an attempt to find a solution.  Consequently, self-selection of right neurons seems to be the essential principle of the human brain. In a similar manner, any raised question or problem, automatically should find right “most competent” experts.

This problem could be solved through the coding of experts’ expertise and competency. Simply, during the process of registration any expert should describe his/her competence using universal classification of human knowledge and technology.  At this stage such tool could be Frascati Manual. The Frascati Manual is a document setting a methodology for collecting statistics about research and development in the field of science and technology. The manual organises field of science and technology into main and sub-categories. First level includes six fundamental categories: Natural sciences, Engineering and technology, Medical and Health sciences, Agricultural sciences, Social sciences and Humanities. This essential group is subdivided into two extra groups. [1]

        Group Level 1
1. Natural Sciences
2. Engineering and Technology
3. Medical and Health Sciences
4. Agricultural Sciences
5. Social Sciences
6. Humanities

       Group Level 2
1.1 Mathematics
1.2 Computer and information sciences
1.3 Physical sciences
1.4 Chemical sciences
1.5 Earth and related environmental sciences
1.6 Biological sciences
1.7 Other natural sciences

2.1 Civil engineering
2.2 Electrical engineering, electronic engineering, information engineering
2.3 Mechanical engineering
2.4 Chemical engineering
2.5 Materials engineering
2.6 Medical engineering
2.7 Environmental engineering
2.8 Environmental biotechnology
2.9 Industrial Biotechnology
2.10 Nano-technology
2.11 Other engineering and technologies

3.1 Basic medicine
3.2 Clinical medicine
3.3 Health sciences
3.4 Health biotechnology
3.5 Other medical sciences

4.1 Agriculture, forestry, and fisheries
4.2 Animal and dairy science
4.3 Veterinary science
4.4 Agricultural biotechnology
4.5 Other agricultural sciences

5.1 Psychology
5.2 Economics and business
5.3 Educational sciences
5.3 Sociology
5.5 Law
5.6 Political Science
5.7 Social and economic geography
5.8 Media and communications
5.7 Other social sciences

6.1 History and archaeology
6.2 Languages and literature
6.3 Philosophy, ethics and religion
6.4 Art (arts, history of arts, performing arts, music)
6.5 Other humanities

        Group Level 3
111 Pure mathematics
112 Applied mathematics  

113 Statistics and probability
…… further subdivisions See ANNEX 1 [1]

211 Civil engineering;
212 Architecture engineering;       

213 Construction engineering,

214 Municipal and structural engineering;
215 Transport engineering;
 .. further subdivisions See ANNEX 1 [1]

3.1.1 further subdivisions See ANNEX 1 [1]
4.5.1.1 further subdivisions See ANNEX 1 [1]
5.1.1 further subdivisions See ANNEX 1 [1]
6.1.1 further subdivisions See ANNEX 1 [1]
   
To mach problems with right experts are necessary pointed out the problems to be coded accordingly.  Apparently, for this purpose should be used same coded system.

    Problem-solving algorithm

Currently, Cognitive Psychology offers several models to explain how the human mind works. It describes many cognitive functions, which eventually could be integrated into two fundamental functions – decision-making and solving problems. Generally speaking, decision-making is a process of choosing one of several options; solving problems is a process of creation of new information and knowledge. Therefore, these processes fallow different stages and steps or different algorithms. 

For instance, problem-solving process follows six stages and any one of these stages has many internal steps.
 
            1    Define the problem’s situation
Describing the problem in plain language
Background – genesis and developments. Reason not to be solved so far
Potential causes for the problem
Describing people needs, goals and behaviours.
Identifying recourses  
Collecting data
Interpreting data
Formulating the problem
Identifying aim and objectives

            2    Analysing the Problem situation
Describing the problem in systematic way
Identifying connections – positive and negative; subsystems.
Identifying the contradictions
Manipulating the contradictions; quantitative and qualitative changes
Identifying the basic contradiction
Analysing alternatives and consequences
Analysing moral implications
Structuring the problem
Finding strategies

          3   Describing the Ideal Solution
Brainstorming
Heuristic

          4    Feasible Model of the Solution
Analysing analogy 
Hypothesis and suppositions
Restating the problem in another way if necessary
Resolving the basic contradiction

         5    Implementation
Necessary changes, resources, management

         6    Monitoring results and changes
Observation and feedback

Technically speaking is necessary to be created templates for any stage of this process, including internal steps, which will be followed during the process of collaboration of selected experts.

Initially, experts could be attracted from Wikipedia and LinkedIn.

             Function

The process of personal coding is simple. At the beginning, creating account any expert will be registered with a nickname, password and his/her coded expertise. Clicking on one of six options in group 1 will open a corresponding window from group 2, choosing one of proposed options will open a window from level 3.

Any raised questions or pointed out problem, will be written in plain language opening a new page and coded using the same system. In this way, one click will send this question only to experts registered with the same code. The collaboration itself will be guided by templates from above-mentioned solving-problem algorithm.   

            Further development

Described model is a “mind in infancy”, not to say “in embryo”. In the foreseeable future, this experimental version could be expanded covering every field of social activities on all levels – global, regional, national and local. For this purpose is necessary to be elaborated appropriate code and templates simulating different cognitive functions as algorithm for decision-making for instance, among many others. Hopefully, in a decade or so Global Mind Project will grow up and eventually will appear as truly virtual “global mind”.

Reference:
[1] Frascati Manual: Classification of field of science and technology
http://unstats.un.org/unsd/EconStatKB/Attachment332.aspx
or  http://www.oecd.org/sti/inno/38235147.pdf

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March 21, 2014 Posted by | Uncategorized | Leave a comment

The New Paradigm of Social Evolution in a Nutshell

The New Paradigm of Social Evolution is based on five basic theses:
1. Society as a living and rational system processing knowledge and composed of three equally important, inter-determinating & co-evolving sub-systems which should be in equilibrium. They are: social being (economy), social consciousness (culture) and decision-making mechanism.
2. Social Evolution has two relatively independent lines of development: subjective and objective. Generating knowledge subjective factor (human reason) creates a chain of quantitative changes known as “The Course of History”. Due to accumulated knowledge the objective factor periodically made qualitative leaps to a new social structure. This is a helix of Social Evolution. Agrarian and Industrial revolutions are examples of such helices. The people made history, but cannot influence Social Evolution.
3. Human beings as individuals and society as a whole are only two rational systems. Therefore, they are isomorphic i.e. personal development could be used as a blueprint to comprehend social development. For instance the emergence of social self-consciousness is equivalent to the emergence of self-consciousness in personal development. This comparison gives us a rough idea about the stage of Social Evolution. Metaphorically speaking society today is at the stage of transition from “social puberty” to social maturity.
4. The human brain is Mother Nature’s solution for complexity and it is common sense to follow the principles of heterarchical organisation of the human brain as a blueprint for social organisation.
5. Ongoing revolution is Cultural. This is the emergence of social self-consciousness, which is the new helix of Social Evolution. Therefore, it is unavoidable qualitative leaps to a new social structure, economy and problem solving. Eventually this is a transition from a nowadays Industrial society to an upcoming Humanitarian society.
Modern society is determinate by two contradicting processes — objective and subjective. On the one hand, during the 20th century three ideological formations were initiated: communism, fascism and financism (debt based capitalism). The last ideological formation tends to create financial empire, using the money as a tool for social management and manipulation. This is Empire Building or proclaimed New World Order. On the other hand exponentially growing knowledge initiated a new wave of technological revolution. The Invention of the computer and expansion of the Internet to a global network are the modern equivalent of the invention of the steam engine and expansion of the railway network, which gave birth to an Industrial society. In a similar way the digital revolution turned society into “single organism”, dramatically changing social perceptions, giving birth to social self-consciousness and transforming Industrial into Humanitarian society. Apparently there is a dramatic clash between Empire Building and emerging social self-consciousness.
At the end of the day, carefully created by Power elite, New World Order destroys democracy, turning the voting system from a collective decision-making mechanism into a tool for legitimisation of political power. These changes undermine political parties and lead to corruption and the downfall of political system and morality. Fortunately, social self-consciousness has a capacity to reorganise society and restore equilibrium among sub-systems. This is an entirely objective process (new helix of Social Evolution), therefore – inevitable and unstoppable.
The fundamental contradiction of modern society is between the exponential development of high technologies and the increased vulnerability of humanity. This contradiction raises the dilemma: survival of humanity or qualitative changes. This dilemma makes transition to Humanitarian civilization without alternative. Apparently qualitative changes in all sub-systems: economy, culture and decision-making mechanism are inevitable.
• Dominated political form of social consciousness will be replaced by emerging Social self-consciousness or with dominance of moral.
• Collective decision-making mechanism will evolve to collaborative problem-solving mechanism, which by definition is heterarchical; therefore there is no room for elites and corruption.
• Eventually, economy will be reorganised from profit based to knowledge based.
The New Paradigm is not a new socio-engineering project like above mentioned ideological formations. It is an effort to outline a theoretical framework of Social Evolution and point out the right direction for the transition from nowadays Technological civilisation to forthcoming Humanitarian civilisation. Resolution of all pending and emerging future problems on all levels: global, regional, national and local will be resolved by the creation of collaborative problem-solving networks. The mission of our generation is simply to make this transition wisely and peacefully.

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In essence, Society is a living and rational system, processing knowledge. It includes three co-evolving sub-systems: economy, culture and decision-making mechanism. Economy ensures physical survival of human beings and represents the “living” part of society. Decision-making mechanism represents rational component of the system. Culture is a content of accumulated knowledge and acts as a transmission drive between living and rational parts.

Co-evolution of sub-systems follow two lines of development: objective for living component (economy) and subjective for rational part. “Division of labour” between “living” and “rational” parts is simple. Human reason creates a chain of quantitative changes. This is History. Due to accumulated knowledge the “living part” of the system (economy) makes qualitative leaps to new levels of social development (civilisations). These are helices of Social Evolution. To get to this level of processing and accumulating knowledge, society left behind three stages of development: Hunting and Gathering (prehistory), Agrarian and Industrial societies. These changes are qualitative leaps or helices of Social Evolution. They follow objective laws. Hence, people could make history, but cannot change the course of Social Evolution.

Forthcoming change will be a new helix of Social Evolution – the transition from Industrial to Humanitarian society. Transition is inevitable, because it is part of Social Evolution. The mode of transition is implemented by human reason and could vary depending on the mindset of the governing elite and the threshold of tolerance.

March 28, 2011 Posted by | Uncategorized | Leave a comment